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The History of Eggnog (and How to Make It the Old-Fashioned Way)

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As the holiday season unfolds, one timeless beverage often finds its way onto festive tables and into cherished memories: eggnog. This rich, creamy concoction, typically laced with a dash of nutmeg and a splash of spirits, has long been a hallmark of winter celebrations. Eggnog’s unique blend of eggs, milk, sugar, and spices creates a symphony of flavors that embody the warmth and joy of the holidays.

But where did this beloved drink originate, and how has it become such a quintessential part of holiday traditions? In this journey through time, we will trace the fascinating history of eggnog, from its medieval origins to its status as a seasonal classic. Along the way, we’ll also rediscover the art of crafting eggnog the old-fashioned way, using a traditional recipe that harkens back to the days when each sip was a luxury, savored amidst the merriment of yesteryear’s holiday celebrations. Join us as we delve into the rich story of eggnog and learn how to recreate this timeless drink in your own kitchen, just as it was made in days gone by.

The Historical Journey of Eggnog

Origins in Medieval Britain: Connection to ‘Posset’

Eggnog’s story begins in medieval Britain with a drink called ‘posset,’ a warm, milky, ale-like concoction. Posset was made with milk, eggs, and sometimes spices or herbs, often used for its supposed medicinal properties. It was a drink of the wealthy, as milk, eggs, and spirits were luxuries not readily available to the common folk.

Transformation in Colonial America: Introduction of Rum

The journey of eggnog as we know it today took a significant turn in Colonial America. The basic ingredients of British posset – milk, eggs, and alcohol – were abundant in the New World. However, the preferred alcohol changed. While brandy and wine were the spirits of choice in Europe, they were heavily taxed in America. Rum, on the other hand, was easily accessible due to the thriving trade with the Caribbean. This substitution gave birth to a new variant of the drink, closely resembling the modern eggnog.

Evolution into a Holiday Staple: How Eggnog Became Associated with Christmas and Winter Celebrations

Eggnog’s association with the holidays and winter celebrations has roots in its warming qualities and the tradition of toasting to health and prosperity during the colder months. The addition of alcohol, typically rum, brandy, or whiskey, made it a festive drink – one that was often enjoyed during social gatherings and special occasions. Over time, it became synonymous with Christmas and New Year’s celebrations, embodying the spirit of warmth, indulgence, and communal joy.

The evolution of eggnog from a medieval posset to a beloved holiday beverage illustrates a fascinating blend of history, cultural adaptation, and culinary innovation. Today, it stands as a testament to the enduring appeal of this creamy, comforting drink that continues to be a staple of winter festivity.

View this Eggnog Recipe from VRP 400.

Cultural Significance of Eggnog

Eggnog as a Symbol of Celebration: Its Role in Holiday Festivities

Eggnog has transcended its humble origins to become a symbol of celebration, particularly during the holiday season. Its rich, creamy texture and comforting warmth make it an ideal beverage for fostering a sense of togetherness and cheer in the cold winter months. In many households, the preparation and sharing of eggnog have become cherished rituals, marking the beginning of holiday festivities. This drink is not just about taste; it’s about the experience and memories it helps create – gathering around the fireplace, sharing stories, and toasting to health and happiness.

Variations Across Cultures: How Different Countries Have Their Own Takes on Eggnog

While eggnog is a traditional Christmas drink in the United States and Canada, its influence and variations can be seen in different cultures around the world:

  • Coquito in Puerto Rico: This is a coconut-based version of eggnog, infused with rum and often flavored with cinnamon and vanilla. It’s a tropical twist on the traditional recipe, reflecting the island’s flavors.
  • Rompopo in Central America: Similar to eggnog, Rompopo is a popular holiday drink in countries like Guatemala and El Salvador. It often includes almonds and is sometimes made with rum or other local spirits.
  • Biersuppe in Germany: While not exactly eggnog, Biersuppe is a similar concept where beer is mixed with egg, flour, and sugar, then heated and served warm. It’s a traditional winter drink that has similarities to the eggnog concept.
  • Advocaat in the Netherlands and Belgium: This is a thick and creamy drink made from eggs, sugar, and brandy. It’s typically served with a dollop of whipped cream and enjoyed as a dessert.

These variations not only show the adaptability and popularity of eggnog but also reflect how each culture incorporates its unique ingredients and culinary traditions into the drink. Despite these differences, the essence of eggnog as a beverage of celebration and togetherness remains constant, uniting people across the globe in the spirit of the holiday season.

View all of our Eggnog Recipes posted to date.

Traditional Recipe for Eggnog

To make traditional old-fashioned eggnog, you will need the following ingredients:


  • 6 large eggs
  • 1 cup granulated sugar
  • 2 cups whole milk
  • 1 cup heavy cream
  • 1/2 to 3/4 cup bourbon or rum (optional, adjust to taste)
  • 1/4 cup brandy (optional)
  • 1 teaspoon freshly grated nutmeg, plus more for garnish
  • 1/2 teaspoon vanilla extract

Step-by-Step Process

  1. Separate Eggs: Begin by separating the egg yolks and whites. Place the yolks in one bowl and the whites in another.
  2. Whisk Yolks with Sugar: Whisk the yolks with the sugar until the mixture is light and creamy.
  3. Heat Milk: In a saucepan, gently heat the milk until it’s warm but not boiling.
  4. Temper the Yolk Mixture: Gradually add the warm milk to the egg yolk mixture to temper the eggs. This means adding the hot milk slowly while whisking constantly to avoid cooking the eggs.
  5. Combine and Cook: Return the mixture to the saucepan and cook over low heat. Stir constantly until the mixture thickens enough to coat the back of a spoon.
  6. Add Cream and Spirits: Remove from heat. Stir in the heavy cream, followed by the bourbon, brandy, nutmeg, and vanilla extract. The alcohol is optional, so you can adjust the amount to taste or omit it entirely for a non-alcoholic version.
  7. Whisk Egg Whites (Optional): In a separate bowl, beat the egg whites until soft peaks form. Gently fold these into the eggnog for a lighter texture.
  8. Chill: Refrigerate the eggnog for at least an hour before serving. It will thicken as it cools.
  9. Serve: Serve the eggnog in cups or glasses garnished with a sprinkle of nutmeg.

Tips and Tricks

  • Safety Tip: If you are concerned about the safety of consuming raw eggs, you can use pasteurized eggs.
  • Consistency: For thicker eggnog, use more cream and less milk.
  • Flavoring: Feel free to adjust the levels of nutmeg and vanilla to suit your taste.
  • Aging: Traditional eggnog can be aged in the refrigerator for a deeper, more complex flavor. Some recipes suggest aging it for weeks or even months.
  • Serving: Eggnog is traditionally served chilled, but it can also be enjoyed warm, especially on cold winter nights.

This traditional eggnog recipe offers a taste of history, rich with the flavors and traditions of holiday celebrations past. Whether enjoyed in its classic form or with a modern twist, eggnog remains a delightful symbol of festive cheer.

View Walt’s Egg Nog Recipe

Modern Adaptations of Eggnog

In response to changing dietary preferences and creative culinary trends, eggnog has seen a variety of modern adaptations. These variations cater to different health requirements and flavor explorations, making eggnog more accessible and appealing to a broader audience.

Eggnog Dietary Variations

  1. Vegan Eggnog:
    • Ingredients: Almond milk or coconut milk replaces dairy, and blended silken tofu or cashews provide creaminess instead of eggs. Sweeten with maple syrup or agave nectar.
    • Process: Blend all ingredients until smooth, then chill. Use nutmeg and vanilla for traditional flavoring.
  2. Non-Dairy Eggnog:
    • Ingredients: Use lactose-free milk or plant-based milk like soy, almond, or oat milk. A rich, creamy plant milk ensures the drink retains its traditional texture.
    • Process: Follow a traditional eggnog recipe but replace dairy milk and cream with chosen non-dairy alternatives.
  3. Low-Sugar Eggnog:
    • Ingredients: Substitute granulated sugar with stevia, erythritol, or a low-calorie sweetener of choice.
    • Process: Prepare as per the traditional recipe, adjusting the quantity of the sweetener to achieve the desired sweetness.

Eggnog Flavor Innovations

  1. Spiced Eggnog:
    • Twist: Add spices like cinnamon, clove, or allspice to introduce warm, festive flavors.
    • Serving Suggestion: Serve with a cinnamon stick for a decorative and flavorful touch.
  2. Chocolate Eggnog:
    • Twist: Incorporate cocoa powder or melted dark chocolate into the base for a chocolaty version.
    • Serving Suggestion: Top with whipped cream and chocolate shavings.
  3. Coffee-Infused Eggnog:
    • Twist: Blend in cold brew or espresso for a caffeinated kick.
    • Serving Suggestion: Ideal for an indulgent holiday brunch.
  4. Fruit-Flavored Eggnog:
    • Twist: Mix in pureed fruits like strawberries or peaches for a fruity variation.
    • Serving Suggestion: Garnish with fresh fruit slices.
  5. Alcoholic Variations:
    • Twist: Experiment with different types of alcohol like cognac, bourbon, or flavored liqueurs.
    • Serving Suggestion: Adjust the quantity of spirits to balance the flavors as per personal preference.

These modern adaptations of eggnog demonstrate the versatility and enduring popularity of this classic holiday beverage. Whether catering to dietary restrictions or simply seeking new flavors, these variations ensure that everyone can enjoy a cup of eggnog during the festive season.

View the Eggnog Recipe from VRP 007.

Eggnog: A Toast to Tradition During National Eggnog Day

Celebrating National Eggnog Day: A Festive Tribute

National Eggnog Day, celebrated on December 24th, presents a perfect opportunity to honor this beloved holiday beverage. Coinciding with Christmas Eve, it’s a day when the aroma of spices and the warmth of the kitchen offers a backdrop to the festive preparations. This observance serves as a tribute to the rich history and enduring popularity of eggnog, inviting everyone to indulge in its creamy goodness as part of their holiday festivities.

Eggnog Traditions and Celebrations

  • Eggnog Making: In many households, preparing eggnog becomes a cherished activity on National Eggnog Day. Families and friends gather to whip up their favorite recipes, be it the traditional rendition or a modern variant catering to diverse tastes and dietary needs.
  • Eggnog Tasting Parties: Some celebrate by hosting eggnog-tasting events, where different versions of eggnog – from homemade classics to innovative flavors – are sampled and enjoyed.
  • Sharing and Gifting: Eggnog is also a popular homemade gift during the holidays. Bottling up your special eggnog and sharing it with neighbors, friends, and family can be a delightful way to spread holiday cheer.
  • Historical Reflection: National Eggnog Day is a great time to delve into the drink’s rich history, perhaps sharing stories and facts about its journey through the centuries as part of the celebration.
  • Community Events: In some communities, local events or competitions are organized to see who can create the most delicious or unique eggnog, bringing people together in a festive and friendly atmosphere.

National Eggnog Day is not just about enjoying a glass of eggnog; it’s about celebrating a piece of culinary heritage that has been warming hearts and homes for centuries. It’s a day to revel in the joy and nostalgia that eggnog brings, uniting people in the shared experience of enjoying this timeless holiday treat. So, as December 24th approaches, let’s raise our cups in a toast to eggnog, a drink that embodies the spirit of the season in every creamy, spiced sip.

View other December Food Holidays.

The History of Eggnog Conclusion

The Enduring Legacy of Eggnog

As we wrap up our exploration of eggnog, from its humble medieval origins to its modern-day incarnations, it’s clear why this beverage has stood the test of time. Eggnog is more than just a drink; it’s a symbol of holiday warmth and conviviality, a testament to the enduring appeal of shared traditions. Its rich, creamy texture and comforting blend of flavors have made it a staple in winter festivities, a drink that evokes nostalgia and creates new memories.

The journey of eggnog through history is a mirror to our own cultural evolution, reflecting changes in tastes, dietary habits, and global influences. Yet, through all these transformations, eggnog has retained its core identity—a special, celebratory drink that brings people together during the holiday season.

Encouragement to Try Making Traditional Eggnog

As we look forward to the holiday season, there is a certain magic in revisiting the classics, in connecting with the past through our senses. Making traditional eggnog is not just about following a recipe; it’s about experiencing a piece of history, about stirring up flavors that have delighted generations.

Whether you choose to make the old-fashioned version, rich with eggs, cream, and a hint of spirits, or opt for a modern twist that suits your dietary preferences, the act of making eggnog can be a delightful addition to your holiday traditions. It’s an opportunity to slow down, to savor the process of creation, and to share a homemade treat with loved ones.

So, this holiday season, we invite you to pour yourself into the delightful ritual of making eggnog. Embrace the rich history and flavor of this classic drink. Whether you’re continuing a family tradition or starting a new one, making your own eggnog is a wonderful way to add a personal touch to your holiday celebrations. Here’s to the sweet, creamy joy of eggnog, a drink that continues to capture the hearts and palates of people around the world. Cheers to a holiday season filled with warmth, cheer, and delicious sips of this timeless beverage!

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